Nepal is facing challenges of climate change impacts, especially in the rural areas. It is ranked as the fourth most vulnerable countries to climate change in the world. Nepal’s changing climate causes many changes in watershed hydrology that is eventually affecting the water resources. Erratic nature of annual precipitation due to climate change causes increased surface run-off, decreased infiltration and poor underground water recharge, resulting to drying up of existing springs.
On the other hand, climate driven water-induced disasters exacerbate problems of erosion and landslide in the upland areas while stream bank erosion, floods and inundation in the lowland that results to losses of lives and properties. Increased overland flows from a basin also degrade quality of water due to erosion and different contamination that affect the health of the people.
Conservation Nepal conducts training and workshops to enhance adaptive capacity of the local communities and explores ways of implementing effective low-cost based adaptation measures for building climate resilience.